Energy generated this way is called “distributed energy
With the exception of nuclear energy which must be perpetually kept under strict safety standards and conditions, energy can be generated economically, reliably and efficiently virtually everywhere on the planet. The best way to harness energy from such sources is through electricity generated by generators known as windmills. This form of energy is not only limited to a few locations and is not dependent on other forms of energy.
Here are the different forms of distributed energy:
On-site wind-powered generation: This method of on-site wind-powered generation takes advantage of existing windy conditions at a particular site. The basic equipment for this technique is a large number of wind turbines on a certain site. These turbines generate electricity which is then fed into the local grid. The cost-effective distributed generation technologies include wind turbines and solar panels. There are also other technologies such as biomass heaters that can also help reduce household electrical costs.
Distributed solar generation: In the case of solar energy use in households, the main dilemma that faces many families is how to convert their roofs to use sunlight. There are many available solutions such as using roof tiles that have a high absorptive capacity, or installing photovoltaic (PV) cells. Other technologies used for distributed generation of electricity include active and passive techniques. In the active installation process, photovoltaic cells are strategically installed on the roof in areas where sunlight is expected to be greatest. Active systems meanwhile transform the sunlight into mechanical energy needed for household machines and equipments.
Biomass combustion systems: Heat energy from biomass burning can be efficiently converted to electricity by means of biomass combustion systems. An active solution is to utilize the natural heat energy from wood or other biomass sources. Another option is to burn ethanol, natural gas or biodiesel instead. In both the active and passive systems, heat from biomass is first converted into mechanical power via heat exchangers, and then the mechanical power is utilized to drive various processes such as air-flow fans, diesel engines or even household pumps.
The use of distributed generation of electricity through the utilization of smarter grid systems
Advanced transmission and distribution systems, along with smart appliances and lighting has been identified as an important way to save on monthly electrical bills. As technology advances, the cost of distributing electricity will come down while the efficiency of distributing it will increase. This, in turn, will allow households to save up to 80% of their monthly electrical consumption costs. In addition to these benefits, the use of these new technologies will enable the further integration of electricity and telecommunication networks.
It is very important to address the issues that involve distributed generation of electricity as the solutions can be applied in different parts of the country at different times. Therefore, a widespread application of these solutions is essential for the continued growth of the country’s economy. It is also necessary to regulate the prices that are charged for electricity so that the distribution of energy becomes more affordable and controllable. A smarter grid and transmission as well as distribution system for energy can provide a cleaner energy supply and enable the continued economic development of the country.